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A legal document in which a corporation or other legal entity offers a new issue of securities to the investing public. The prospectus, which is compiled in accordance with the regulators' requirements, describes in detail the issuer, its business, the securities being offered, the use of the proceeds, management, a set of financial statements etc.


(1) Generally, a person authorized to act or speak or substitute for another. (2) Written permission (or power of attorney) granted by a shareholder to someone else, to represent him/ her at a shareholders' meeting, and vote on his/ her behalf. (3) An alternate term for an attorney.


The act of buying mutual fund units or securities.

Put option

An option contract which gives the buyer the right to sell the underlying security to the writer at a fixed price prior to an agreed-upon expiry date. Put options are usually purchased by investors who believe the underlying security may go down.

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Rate Of Return

The coupon rate (as in bond or debenture) or annual dividend (as in preferred or common share) divided by the purchase price.

Real Interest Rate

The after-inflation interest rate generally approximated by taking the difference between the interest rate and the year over-year percent change in the Consumer Price Index.


Defined as two consecutive quarters of decline in real Gross Domestic Product. It may also be defined by several quarters of virtually zero net growth.


(1) Repayment of a debt security or preferred share prior to or at maturity by an issuer, at a specified price (usually at a premium).

(2) Mutual fund units are redeemed at the net asset value, when a unit holder's holdings are sold.


(1) Repayment of a debt security or preferred share prior to or at maturity by an issuer, at a specified price (usually at a premium).

(2) Mutual fund units are redeemed at the net asset value, when a unit holder's holdings are sold.


They are responsible for keeping track of investors who own the units of the mutual funds. They may process purchase, switch and redemption orders, issue investor account statements and issue annual tax reporting information.

Registrar Function

means the functions with regard to:

  1. Maintaining the Register;
  2. Receiving application for redemption and transfer/ transmission of Units directly from Holder or legal representatives or through Distributor;
  3. Processing requests for issue, redemption, transfer and transmission of Units and requests for recording of pledge or for recording of changes in information/ particulars/ data with regard to the Holders;
  4. Issuing Account Statement to Holders;
  5. Issuing Certificates including Certificates in lieu of undistributed income to Holders;
  6. Dispatching income distribution warrants and allocating Units to Holders on re-investment of dividends. 
  7. Canceling old Certificates on redemption or replacement.
  8. Maintaining record of lien/ pledge/ charge.
  9. Keeping record of change of addresses/ other particulars of the Holders.

Mutual funds provide a service that allows unit holders to purchase more units of the fund with the proceeds from interest and dividend income, usually at no additional cost (no sales charge).

Retained Earnings

A company's profit not paid out in the form of dividends. They are retained by the company to help finance future expansion and form part of shareholder's equity.

Retirement Age

Means any age between sixty and seventy years or such age as may be prescribed in the Rules from time to time, which the Participant selects for retirement, in accordance with the provisions of the Rules.

Retirement Date

Means the date on which the retirement of a Participant from the Pension Fund becomes effective.


The profit earned from an investment.


The potential of loss on an investment due to a number of factors, listed below:

  1. Credit Risk - Potential that an investment (specifically fixed-income securities) will go down when assigned a negative rating (downgraded) by a reputable credit rating service.
  2. Default Risk - Risk associated with an issuer of a debt instrument that may not have the financial ability to meet regular interest payments or is incapable of repaying the debt at maturity. 
  3. Equity Investment Risk - Risk resulting from changes in a specific company or industry developments and prospects, as well as changes in interest rates, economic conditions and stock market news. 
  4. Interest Rate Risk - Risk resulting from increased interest rates in the market place, that the income earned from an original investment will not be worth as much as the going market rates. 
  5. Liquidity Risk - Inability to sell a security reasonably quickly at the prevailing market price or convert an asset into cash as quickly as possible. 
  6. Political Risk - Potential for changes in government to impact the value of an investment. It may also include policy changes made by governments.

Means the NBFC Rules 2003, which governs the operation of the mutual funds.

Sales Agent

An individual, firm, corporate or other entity appointed by the Management Company to identify, solicit and assist investors in investing in the scheme.

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